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Mol. Cells 2008; 26(5): 486-489

Published online November 30, 2008

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

Curcumin Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis by Decreasing Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B Ligand (RANKL) in Bone Marrow Stromal Cells

Sora Oh, Tae-Wook Kyung and Hye-Seon Choi

Abstract

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a pigment derived from turmeric, has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Accumulating evidence points to a biochemical link between increased oxidative stress and reduced bone density. Osteoclast formation was evaluated in co-cultures of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) and whole bone marrow cells (BMC). Expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) was analyzed at the mRNA and protein levels. Exposure to curcumin led to dose-dependent suppression of osteoclastogenesis in the co-culture system, and to reduced expression of RANKL in IL-1 alpha-stimulated BMSCs. Addition of RANKL abolished the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis by curcumin, whereas the addition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) did not. The decreased osteoclastogenesis induced by curcumin may reduce bone loss and be of potential benefit in preventing and/or attenuating osteoporosis.

Keywords bone, bone marrow stromal cells, curcumin, osteoclastogenesis, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand

Article

Research Article

Mol. Cells 2008; 26(5): 486-489

Published online November 30, 2008

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Curcumin Inhibits Osteoclastogenesis by Decreasing Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor-kappa B Ligand (RANKL) in Bone Marrow Stromal Cells

Sora Oh, Tae-Wook Kyung and Hye-Seon Choi

Abstract

Curcumin (diferuloylmethane), a pigment derived from turmeric, has anti-oxidant and anti-inflammatory activities. Accumulating evidence points to a biochemical link between increased oxidative stress and reduced bone density. Osteoclast formation was evaluated in co-cultures of bone marrow stromal cells (BMSC) and whole bone marrow cells (BMC). Expression of receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand (RANKL) was analyzed at the mRNA and protein levels. Exposure to curcumin led to dose-dependent suppression of osteoclastogenesis in the co-culture system, and to reduced expression of RANKL in IL-1 alpha-stimulated BMSCs. Addition of RANKL abolished the inhibition of osteoclastogenesis by curcumin, whereas the addition of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) did not. The decreased osteoclastogenesis induced by curcumin may reduce bone loss and be of potential benefit in preventing and/or attenuating osteoporosis.

Keywords: bone, bone marrow stromal cells, curcumin, osteoclastogenesis, receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappa B ligand

Mol. Cells
Nov 30, 2021 Vol.44 No.11, pp. 781~860
COVER PICTURE
3D quantitative images of the vesicular structure and the nucleolus using label free optical diffraction tomography (Kim et al., pp. 851-860).

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