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Mol. Cells 2008; 26(2): 152-157

Published online August 31, 2008

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

Mining of Caspase-7 Substrates Using a Degradomic Approach

Mi Jang, Byoung Chul Park, Sunghyun Kang, Do Hee Lee, Sayeon Cho, Sang Chul Lee, Kwang-Hee Bae and Sung Goo Park

Abstract

Caspases play critical roles in the execution of apoptosis. Caspase-3 and caspase-7 are closely related in sequence as well as in substrate specificity. The two caspases have overlapping substrate specificities with special preference for the DEVD motif. However, they are targeted to different subcellular locations during apoptosis, implying the existence of substrates specific for one or other caspase. To identify new caspase-7 substrates, we digested cell lysates obtained from the caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cell line with purified recombinant caspase-7, and analyzed spots that disappeared or decreased by 2-DE (we refer to this as the caspase-7 degradome). Several proteins with various cellular functions underwent caspase-7- dependent proteolysis. The substrates of capase-7 identified by the degradomic approach were rather different from those of caspase-3 (Proteomics, 4, 3429-3435, 2004). Among the candidate substrates, we confirmed that Valosin-containing protein (VCP) was cleaved by both capspase-7 and caspase-3 in vitro and during apoptosis. Cleavage occurred at both DELD307 and DELD580. The degradomic study yielded several candidate caspase-7 substrates and their further analysis should provide valuables clues to the functions of caspase-7 during apoptosis.

Keywords Apoptosis, caspase-7, 2-DE, degradome, VCP

Article

Research Article

Mol. Cells 2008; 26(2): 152-157

Published online August 31, 2008

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Mining of Caspase-7 Substrates Using a Degradomic Approach

Mi Jang, Byoung Chul Park, Sunghyun Kang, Do Hee Lee, Sayeon Cho, Sang Chul Lee, Kwang-Hee Bae and Sung Goo Park

Abstract

Caspases play critical roles in the execution of apoptosis. Caspase-3 and caspase-7 are closely related in sequence as well as in substrate specificity. The two caspases have overlapping substrate specificities with special preference for the DEVD motif. However, they are targeted to different subcellular locations during apoptosis, implying the existence of substrates specific for one or other caspase. To identify new caspase-7 substrates, we digested cell lysates obtained from the caspase-3-deficient MCF-7 cell line with purified recombinant caspase-7, and analyzed spots that disappeared or decreased by 2-DE (we refer to this as the caspase-7 degradome). Several proteins with various cellular functions underwent caspase-7- dependent proteolysis. The substrates of capase-7 identified by the degradomic approach were rather different from those of caspase-3 (Proteomics, 4, 3429-3435, 2004). Among the candidate substrates, we confirmed that Valosin-containing protein (VCP) was cleaved by both capspase-7 and caspase-3 in vitro and during apoptosis. Cleavage occurred at both DELD307 and DELD580. The degradomic study yielded several candidate caspase-7 substrates and their further analysis should provide valuables clues to the functions of caspase-7 during apoptosis.

Keywords: Apoptosis, caspase-7, 2-DE, degradome, VCP

Mol. Cells
Sep 30, 2022 Vol.45 No.9, pp. 603~672
COVER PICTURE
The Target of Rapamycin Complex (TORC) is a central regulatory hub in eukaryotes, which is well conserved in diverse plant species, including tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Inhibition of TORC genes (SlTOR, SlLST8, and SlRAPTOR) by VIGS (virus-induced gene silencing) results in early fruit ripening in tomato. The red/ orange tomatoes are early-ripened TORC-silenced fruits, while the green tomato is a control fruit. Top, left, control fruit (TRV2-myc); top, right, TRV2-SlLST8; bottom, left, TRV2-SlTOR; bottom, right, TRV2-SlRAPTOR(Choi et al., pp. 660-672).

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