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Mol. Cells 2008; 26(3): 299-307

Published online September 30, 2008

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

Transcriptional Response According to Strength of Calorie Restriction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Yae-Lim Lee and Cheol-Koo Lee

Abstract

To characterize gene expression that is dependent on the strength of calorie restriction (CR), we obtained transcriptome at different levels of glucose, which is a major energy and carbon source for budding yeast. To faithfully mimic mammalian CR in yeast culture, we reconstituted and grew seeding yeast cells in fresh 2% YPD media before inoculating into 2%, 1%, 0.5% and 0.25% YPD media to reflect different CR strengths. We collected and characterized 160 genes that responded to CR strength based on the rigorous statistical analyses of multiple test corrected ANOVA (adjusted p value < 0.1 or raw p value < 0.0031) and Pearson correlation (|r| > 0.7). Based on the individual gene studies and the GO Term Finder analysis of 160 genes, we found that CR dose-dependently and gradually increased mitochondrial function at the transcriptional level. Therefore, we suggest these 160 genes are markers that respond to CR strength and that might be useful in elucidating CR mechanisms, especially how stronger CR extends life span more.

Keywords calorie restriction, glucose level, life span extension, mitochondria, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, transcriptome

Article

Research Article

Mol. Cells 2008; 26(3): 299-307

Published online September 30, 2008

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Transcriptional Response According to Strength of Calorie Restriction in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Yae-Lim Lee and Cheol-Koo Lee

Abstract

To characterize gene expression that is dependent on the strength of calorie restriction (CR), we obtained transcriptome at different levels of glucose, which is a major energy and carbon source for budding yeast. To faithfully mimic mammalian CR in yeast culture, we reconstituted and grew seeding yeast cells in fresh 2% YPD media before inoculating into 2%, 1%, 0.5% and 0.25% YPD media to reflect different CR strengths. We collected and characterized 160 genes that responded to CR strength based on the rigorous statistical analyses of multiple test corrected ANOVA (adjusted p value < 0.1 or raw p value < 0.0031) and Pearson correlation (|r| > 0.7). Based on the individual gene studies and the GO Term Finder analysis of 160 genes, we found that CR dose-dependently and gradually increased mitochondrial function at the transcriptional level. Therefore, we suggest these 160 genes are markers that respond to CR strength and that might be useful in elucidating CR mechanisms, especially how stronger CR extends life span more.

Keywords: calorie restriction, glucose level, life span extension, mitochondria, Saccharomyces cerevisiae, transcriptome

Mol. Cells
Nov 30, 2022 Vol.45 No.11, pp. 763~867
COVER PICTURE
Naive (cyan) and axotomized (magenta) retinal ganglion cell axons in Xenopus tropicalis (Choi et al., pp. 846-854).

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