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Mol. Cells 2006; 21(2): 218-223

Published online January 1, 1970

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

Dose-dependent UV Stabilization of p53 in Cultured Human Cells Undergoing Apoptosis Is Mediated by Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation

Jungyeon Won, So Young Chung, Seung Beom Kim, Boo Hyeong Byun, Yoo Sik Yoon, Cheol O. Joe

Abstract

The effect of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on the stability of p53 in SK-HEP1 cells treated with UV light was examined. Intracellular levels of p53 increased in cells treated with a low dose of UV light (20 J/m2), whereas they increased but then declined after a higher dose of UV (100 J/m2). Intracellular levels of p53 in the UV treated SK-HEP1 cells were dependent on the UV dose. Use of proteasome inhibitors revealed that p53 is degraded by proteasomal proteolysis after high doses of UV light. We present evidence that, at low doses, poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) poly(ADP-ribosyl) ates p53 and protects it from proteasomal degradation before caspase-3 is activated, whereas at high doses the cells undergo UV induced apoptosis and PARP is cleaved by caspase-3 before it can protect p53 from degradation. Destabilization of p53 by cleavage of PARP may be important in cell fate decision favoring apoptosis.

Keywords Apoptosis; Caspase-3; p53; PARP; Proteasome; UV

Article

Research Article

Mol. Cells 2006; 21(2): 218-223

Published online April 30, 2006

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Dose-dependent UV Stabilization of p53 in Cultured Human Cells Undergoing Apoptosis Is Mediated by Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation

Jungyeon Won, So Young Chung, Seung Beom Kim, Boo Hyeong Byun, Yoo Sik Yoon, Cheol O. Joe

Abstract

The effect of poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on the stability of p53 in SK-HEP1 cells treated with UV light was examined. Intracellular levels of p53 increased in cells treated with a low dose of UV light (20 J/m2), whereas they increased but then declined after a higher dose of UV (100 J/m2). Intracellular levels of p53 in the UV treated SK-HEP1 cells were dependent on the UV dose. Use of proteasome inhibitors revealed that p53 is degraded by proteasomal proteolysis after high doses of UV light. We present evidence that, at low doses, poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase (PARP) poly(ADP-ribosyl) ates p53 and protects it from proteasomal degradation before caspase-3 is activated, whereas at high doses the cells undergo UV induced apoptosis and PARP is cleaved by caspase-3 before it can protect p53 from degradation. Destabilization of p53 by cleavage of PARP may be important in cell fate decision favoring apoptosis.

Keywords: Apoptosis, Caspase-3, p53, PARP, Proteasome, UV

Mol. Cells
Jan 31, 2023 Vol.46 No.1, pp. 1~67
COVER PICTURE
RNAs form diverse shapes and play multiple functions as central molecules of gene expression. In this special issue on RNA, seven minireviews illustrate how basic concepts and recent RNA biology findings are transformed into new and exciting RNA therapeutics.

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