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Mol. Cells 2008; 25(3): 368-375

Published online May 31, 2008

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

Improved Resistance to Oxidative Stress by a Loss-of-Function Mutation in the Arabidopsis UGT71C1 Gene

Chae Eun Lim, Jung Nam Choi, In A Kim, Shin Ae Lee, Yong-Sic Hwang, Choong Hwan Lee and Jun Lim

Abstract

Approximately 120 UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which are classified into 14 distinct groups (A to N), have been annotated in the Arabidopsis genome. UGTs catalyze the transfer of sugars to various acceptor molecules including flavonoids. Previously, UGT71C1 was shown to glycosylate the 3-OH of hydroxycinnamates and flavonoids in vitro. Such secondary metabolites are known to play important roles in plant growth and development. To help define the role of UGT71C1 in planta, we investigated its expression patterns, and isolated and characterized a loss-of-function mutation in the UGT71C1 gene (named ugt71c1-1). Our analyses by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), microarray data mining, and histochemical detection of GUS activity driven by the UGT71C1 promoter region, revealed the tissue-specific expression patterns of UGT71C1 with highest expression in roots. Interestingly, upon treatment with methyl viologen (MV, paraquat), ugt71c1-1 plants displayed enhanced resistance to oxidative stress, and ROS scavenging activity was higher than normal. Metabolite profiling revealed that the levels of two major glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol were reduced in ugt71c1-1 plants. In addition, when exposed to MV-induced oxidative stress, eight representative ROS response genes were expressed at lower levels in ugt71c1-1 plants, indicating that ugt71c1-1 probably has higher non-enzymatic antioxidant activity. Taken together, our results indicate that ugt71c1-1 has increased resistance to oxidative stress, suggesting that UGT71C1 plays a role in some glycosylation pathways affecting secondary metabolites such as flavonoids in response to oxidative stress.

Keywords Arabidopsis, Flavonoids, Glycosylation, Methyl viologen, Oxidative stress, UDP-glycosyltransferase

Article

Research Article

Mol. Cells 2008; 25(3): 368-375

Published online May 31, 2008

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

Improved Resistance to Oxidative Stress by a Loss-of-Function Mutation in the Arabidopsis UGT71C1 Gene

Chae Eun Lim, Jung Nam Choi, In A Kim, Shin Ae Lee, Yong-Sic Hwang, Choong Hwan Lee and Jun Lim

Abstract

Approximately 120 UDP-glycosyltransferases (UGTs), which are classified into 14 distinct groups (A to N), have been annotated in the Arabidopsis genome. UGTs catalyze the transfer of sugars to various acceptor molecules including flavonoids. Previously, UGT71C1 was shown to glycosylate the 3-OH of hydroxycinnamates and flavonoids in vitro. Such secondary metabolites are known to play important roles in plant growth and development. To help define the role of UGT71C1 in planta, we investigated its expression patterns, and isolated and characterized a loss-of-function mutation in the UGT71C1 gene (named ugt71c1-1). Our analyses by quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR), microarray data mining, and histochemical detection of GUS activity driven by the UGT71C1 promoter region, revealed the tissue-specific expression patterns of UGT71C1 with highest expression in roots. Interestingly, upon treatment with methyl viologen (MV, paraquat), ugt71c1-1 plants displayed enhanced resistance to oxidative stress, and ROS scavenging activity was higher than normal. Metabolite profiling revealed that the levels of two major glycosides of quercetin and kaempferol were reduced in ugt71c1-1 plants. In addition, when exposed to MV-induced oxidative stress, eight representative ROS response genes were expressed at lower levels in ugt71c1-1 plants, indicating that ugt71c1-1 probably has higher non-enzymatic antioxidant activity. Taken together, our results indicate that ugt71c1-1 has increased resistance to oxidative stress, suggesting that UGT71C1 plays a role in some glycosylation pathways affecting secondary metabolites such as flavonoids in response to oxidative stress.

Keywords: Arabidopsis, Flavonoids, Glycosylation, Methyl viologen, Oxidative stress, UDP-glycosyltransferase

Mol. Cells
Jun 30, 2022 Vol.45 No.6, pp. 353~434
COVER PICTURE
ERα is modified by UFM1 and this modification (ufmylation) plays a crucial role in promoting the stability of ERα and breast cancer development. However, when ERα is deufmylated and then ubiquitinated, it disappears by proteasome-mediated degradation (Yoo et al., pp. 425-434).

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