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Mol. Cells

Published online September 14, 2022

© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology

SCFFBS1 Regulates Root Quiescent Center Cell Division via Protein Degradation of APC/CCCS52A2

Kyoung Rok Geem1,3 , Hyemin Kim1,3, and Hojin Ryu1,2,*

1Department of Biology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea, 2Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea, 3These authors contributed equally to this work.

Correspondence to : hjryu96@chungbuk.ac.kr

Received: April 29, 2022; Revised: June 29, 2022; Accepted: July 6, 2022

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.

Abstract

Homeostatic regulation of meristematic stem cells accomplished by maintaining a balance between stem cell self-renewal and differentiation is critical for proper plant growth and development. The quiescent center (QC) regulates root apical meristem homeostasis by maintaining stem cell fate during plant root development. Cell cycle checkpoints, such as anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome/CELL CYCLE SWITCH 52 A2 (APC/CCCS52A2), strictly control the low proliferation rate of QC cells. Although APC/CCCS52A2 plays a critical role in maintaining QC cell division, the molecular mechanism that regulates its activity remains largely unknown. Here, we identified SCFF-BOX STRESS INDUCED 1 (FBS1), a ubiquitin E3 ligase, as a key regulator of QC cell division through the direct proteolysis of CCS52A2. FBS1 activity is positively associated with QC cell division and CCS52A2 proteolysis. FBS1 overexpression or ccs52a2-1 knockout consistently resulted in abnormal root development, characterized by root growth inhibition and low mitotic activity in the meristematic zone. Loss-of-function mutation of FBS1, on the other hand, resulted in low QC cell division, extremely low WOX5 expression, and rapid root growth. The 26S proteasome-mediated degradation of CCS52A2 was facilitated by its direct interaction with F-box stress induced 1 (FBS1). The FBS1 genetically interacted with APC/CCCS52A2-ERF115-PSKR1 signaling module for QC division. Thus, our findings establish SCFFBS1-mediated CCS52A2 proteolysis as the molecular mechanism for controlling QC cell division in plants.

Keywords CCS52A2, E3 ubiquitin ligase, FBS1, quiescent center, root apical meristem

Article

On-line First

Mol. Cells

Published online September 14, 2022

Copyright © The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology.

SCFFBS1 Regulates Root Quiescent Center Cell Division via Protein Degradation of APC/CCCS52A2

Kyoung Rok Geem1,3 , Hyemin Kim1,3, and Hojin Ryu1,2,*

1Department of Biology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea, 2Department of Biological Sciences and Biotechnology, Chungbuk National University, Cheongju 28644, Korea, 3These authors contributed equally to this work.

Correspondence to:hjryu96@chungbuk.ac.kr

Received: April 29, 2022; Revised: June 29, 2022; Accepted: July 6, 2022

This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/.

Abstract

Homeostatic regulation of meristematic stem cells accomplished by maintaining a balance between stem cell self-renewal and differentiation is critical for proper plant growth and development. The quiescent center (QC) regulates root apical meristem homeostasis by maintaining stem cell fate during plant root development. Cell cycle checkpoints, such as anaphase promoting complex/cyclosome/CELL CYCLE SWITCH 52 A2 (APC/CCCS52A2), strictly control the low proliferation rate of QC cells. Although APC/CCCS52A2 plays a critical role in maintaining QC cell division, the molecular mechanism that regulates its activity remains largely unknown. Here, we identified SCFF-BOX STRESS INDUCED 1 (FBS1), a ubiquitin E3 ligase, as a key regulator of QC cell division through the direct proteolysis of CCS52A2. FBS1 activity is positively associated with QC cell division and CCS52A2 proteolysis. FBS1 overexpression or ccs52a2-1 knockout consistently resulted in abnormal root development, characterized by root growth inhibition and low mitotic activity in the meristematic zone. Loss-of-function mutation of FBS1, on the other hand, resulted in low QC cell division, extremely low WOX5 expression, and rapid root growth. The 26S proteasome-mediated degradation of CCS52A2 was facilitated by its direct interaction with F-box stress induced 1 (FBS1). The FBS1 genetically interacted with APC/CCCS52A2-ERF115-PSKR1 signaling module for QC division. Thus, our findings establish SCFFBS1-mediated CCS52A2 proteolysis as the molecular mechanism for controlling QC cell division in plants.

Keywords: CCS52A2, E3 ubiquitin ligase, FBS1, quiescent center, root apical meristem

Mol. Cells
Sep 30, 2022 Vol.45 No.9, pp. 603~672
COVER PICTURE
The Target of Rapamycin Complex (TORC) is a central regulatory hub in eukaryotes, which is well conserved in diverse plant species, including tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Inhibition of TORC genes (SlTOR, SlLST8, and SlRAPTOR) by VIGS (virus-induced gene silencing) results in early fruit ripening in tomato. The red/ orange tomatoes are early-ripened TORC-silenced fruits, while the green tomato is a control fruit. Top, left, control fruit (TRV2-myc); top, right, TRV2-SlLST8; bottom, left, TRV2-SlTOR; bottom, right, TRV2-SlRAPTOR(Choi et al., pp. 660-672).

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