Mol. Cells 2009; 27(1): 55~66  DOI: 10.1007/s10059-009-0005-3
Molecular Phylogeny of the Family Tephritidae (Insecta: Diptera): New Insight from Combined Analysis of the Mitochondrial 12S, 16S, and COII Genes
Ho-Yeon Han and Kyung-Eui Ro
Received August 8, 2008; Revised October 21, 2008; Accepted November 10, 2008.; Published online February 5, 2009.
© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology. All rights reserved.

ABSTRACT
The phylogeny of the family Tephritidae (Diptera: Tephritidae) was reconstructed from mitochondrial 12S, 16S, and COII gene fragments using 87 species, including 79 tephritid and 8 outgroup species. Minimum evolution and Bayesian trees suggested the following phylogenetic relationships: (1) A sister group relationship between Ortalotrypeta and Tachinisca, and their basal phylogenetic position within Tephritidae; (2) a sister group relationship between the tribe Acanthonevrini and Phytalmiini; (3) monophyly of Plioreocepta, Taomyia and an undescribed new genus, and their sister group relationship with the subfamily Tephritinae; (4) a possible sister group relationship of Cephalophysa and Adramini; and (5) reconfirmation of monophyly for Trypetini, Carpomyini, Tephritinae, and Dacinae. The combination of 12S, 16S, and COII data enabled resolution of phylogenetic relationships among the higher taxa of Tephritidae.
Keywords: 12S rRNA, 16S rRNA, COII, phylogeny, Tephritidae

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