Mol. Cells 2000; 10(2): 186~192  
Immunological Detection of Serpin in the Fall Webworm, Hyphantria cunea and Its Inhibitory Activity on the Prophenoloxidase System
Doo-Sang Park, Sang Woon Shin, Soon-Duck Hong, and Ho-Yong Park
; Published online April 30, 2000.
© The Korean Society for Molecular and Cellular Biology. All rights reserved.

ABSTRACT
We previously identified a serine type protease inhibitor (serpin) cDNA, using peR-based differential display, in the fall webworm which was up-regulated following a bacterial challenge (Shin et al., 1998). The serpin cDNA was inserted into an expression vector and the serpin protein was expressed in Escherichia coli. In order to investigate the action of serpin in vivo, we examined the concentration of serpin protein in the larvae of Hyphantria cunea by Western blot analysis using a polyclonal antibody raised in a rabbit injected with recombinant serpin. H. cunea serpin was found mainly in the plasma with a molecular mass of 56.6 kDa on SDS-PAGE followed by Western blot analysis. The concentration of serpin in the plasma was slightly increased following bacterial challenge. A new 50.5 kDa (approx.) band was detected post E. coli and distilled water injection. Both E. coli and distilled water injection induced increased phenoloxidase (PO) activity in the plasma, although E. coli injection produced a larger increase in activity. Hyphantria serpin probably participates in negative regulation of the prophenoloxidase (proPO) cascade. Recombinant serpin inhibits PO activity in the hemocyte lysate fraction activated by LPS. There is a similarity between the P2-P2' region (NKFG) of the serpin reactive site loop and the S2-S2' region (NRFG) of the insect proPO maturation site. This indicates a form of competitive inhibition of serpin against a protease involved in the activation of proPO. A tyrosine residue in the P11 region of serpin, which is conserved in the S11 regions of all known proPOs maturation sites, provides further support for this hypothesis.

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COVER PICTURE Non-mitochondrial localization of the N-terminal-deleted mutant form of ACSL1 in Cos7 cells. Green, ACSL1 mutant; Red, mitotracker; Blue, DAPI (Nan et al., pp. 637-646).

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